World Hypertension Day (WHD) 2023: This year’s theme raises awareness of the importance of accurate blood pressure measurement. The main objective behind celebrating this day is to educate people and spread awareness about hypertension and its effects on the body. Some of the main causes of hypertension in young people are high stress levels, obesity, poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle. It is also said that prolonged hypertension puts a person at risk of various medical conditions, including chronic kidney disease, stroke, heart failure, etc.
Never ignore high blood pressure or just a headache, high blood pressure can lead to a serious health crisis. There is a need to raise awareness about hypertension, its causes and prevention
World Hypertension Day is celebrated annually on May 17 by the World Hypertension League (WHL) to spread awareness about hypertension and how to prevent, detect and control it. The main risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease is high blood pressure.
WHD was first inaugurated in May 2005. It is basically a condition of high blood pressure and causes various health problems such as heart disease and stroke. With high blood pressure, the force exerted on the arteries is higher and there are often no signs or symptoms. This day encourages citizens of all countries to prevent and control it. Hypertension is also known as the silent killer, a modern disease.
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World Hypertension Day 2023: Theme
World Hypertension Day 2023 will be celebrated according to last year’s theme “Measure blood pressure accurately, control it, live longer.” There are currently no official announcements regarding any new themes.
The theme of World Hypertension Day 2022 is “Accurately measure blood pressure, control it and live longer”. The theme focuses on combating low awareness rates globally, primarily in low- and middle-income areas, and accurate blood pressure measurement methods. The main aim is to increase awareness of high blood pressure (BP) in all population groups worldwide and also focus on accurate blood pressure measurement.
The theme of World Hypertension Day 2020 is “Measure blood pressure, control it and live longer”. The theme focuses on increasing awareness of high blood pressure (BP) in all population groups worldwide.
The theme of World Hypertension Day 2019 is “Know your number”. Let us tell you that in 2019, WHL in conjunction with the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) promoted May Measurement Month (MMM).
Did you know that high blood pressure or hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease? Consequently, in 2002, it was named the ‘number one killer’ by the World Health Organization (WHO) in its World Health Report. Additionally, it is said that the risk of stroke is 4 times higher and the risk of myocardial infarction (heart attack) is 2 times higher if blood pressure is high compared to normal blood pressure.
About high blood pressure
In today’s busy life, people do not have time for themselves and are suffering from Stress and Tension, which further leads to problems of hypertension. Hypertension is a type of condition called high blood pressure.
People with high blood pressure will damage their health and cannot concentrate on working effectively. People become less confident in certain types of activities.
Therefore, it can be said that hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, which can cause serious complications and also increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and death.
Did you know that blood pressure is the force exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessels? According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the growth of the processed food industry has impacted the amount of salt in diets worldwide and this plays an important role in causing obesity. Hypertension.
Types of high blood pressure
Hypertension is divided into two types: primary hypertension and secondary hypertension.
Primary hypertension: High blood pressure caused by another condition or disease is called primary or idiopathic hypertension. It may be the result of many factors, including plasma volume and the action of hormones that regulate blood volume and pressure. It is also affected by environmental factors such as stress and lack of exercise.
Secondary hypertension: If high blood pressure is caused by another condition. It has a number of specific causes and is a complication of another problem. It can be a result of kidney disease, diabetes, pheochromocytoma, a rare cancer of the adrenal gland, Cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism, pregnancy, obesity, etc.
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The truth about high blood pressure
- Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury but blood pressure is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg according to guidelines issued by the American Heart Association (AHA).
- Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress but it can occur on its own or can stem from an underlying condition like kidney disease etc.
- If high blood pressure is not controlled, it can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other health problems.
- Lifestyle is also a cause of high blood pressure.
World Hypertension Day 2023: All you need to know about the facts and figures related to hypertension
Treatment of hypertension
Blood pressure can be regulated through diet and lifestyle before hypertension. You should exercise regularly. According to doctors’ instructions, people with hypertension should do at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise. Everyone should exercise at least 5 days a week like walking, jogging, cycling or swimming. Medications also help reduce blood pressure, develop strategies to manage inevitable stress, etc
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Symptoms of high blood pressure
Source: www. www.health.harvard.edu.comAs we know that this disease is known as a silent killer and a person may not notice any symptoms. But it can cause damage to the cardiovascular system and internal organs such as the kidneys.
In addition, high blood pressure also causes sweating, anxiety, difficulty sleeping and blushing. And during a hypertensive crisis, a person may have headaches and nosebleeds.
Long-term hypertension can cause atherosclerosis, in which plaque formation leads to narrowing of blood vessels. This can lead to heart failure, heart attack, an aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery that can rupture and cause severe bleeding, kidney failure, stroke, etc.
Prevent high blood pressure
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, preventing high blood pressure, commonly known as hypertension, can reduce your risk of developing heart disease and stroke. Among the preventative measures are:
- To prevent high blood pressure and its problems, eat nutritious meals and snack between meals.
- Review your body weight on a regular basis.
- Be physically active by spending some time during the day walking, exercising at the gym, etc.
- Smoking should be avoided because it increases blood pressure and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke.
- Don’t drink alcohol.
- Get enough sleep 7-8 hours every night.
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May Measurement Month (MMM)This is a global awareness campaign initiated by the International Society of Hypertension (ISH), which includes scientists, clinicians, service providers the world’s leading healthcare and allied health workers, all of whom share a common interest in hypertension research.
MMM was launched in 2017 to provide people with knowledge about blood pressure and how to reduce the harmful effects of hypertension on health.
Did you know that blood pressure is the #1 risk factor for strokes, heart attacks and other fatal cardiovascular complications globally?
Every year in May, volunteers around the world measure the blood pressure of people in cities, towns and villages as part of MMM. In just 3 years they measured the blood pressure of more than 4.2 million people. In more than 100 countries, nearly 1 million people are identified as having untreated or inadequately treated hypertension. During MMM17, the inaugural year, blood pressure measurements were more than 1.2 million.
According to results published on the eve of World Hypertension Day 2018 in the journal The Lancet Global Health, more than 150,000 people were found to have previously unspecified hypertension and more than 100,000 people with hypertension were treated. appropriate treatment. Last May, MMM’s team and volunteers reached approximately 1.5 million people.
Therefore, World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year on May 17 to make people aware about hypertension, its prevention, types, symptoms and treatment. There is no doubt that hypertension is a silent killer because the symptoms may not come early but gradually can lead to several diseases like kidney disease, heart disease, etc.
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