Rabindranath Tagore Biography: Childhood, Education, Literary Works, Achievements and More

Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti 2023: Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is celebrated on May 7 according to the Gregorian calendar but according to the Bengali calendar, he was born on the 25th day of the month Boishakh. So, in West Bengal, his birthday according to the Bengali calendar this year is celebrated on May 9. In the article below, know all about Tagore’s early life, family, education, career and more.

Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is also known as Pochishe Boishakh. He was born into a wealthy Brahmin family in Kolkata (Calcutta) and was the youngest child in the family.

Born: May 7, 1861 Place of birth: Calcutta, British India Pen name: Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita) Father: Debendranath Tagore Mother: Sarada Devi Spouse: Mrinalini Devi Children: Renuka Tagore, Shamindranath Tagore, Meera Tagore, Rathindranath Tagore, and Madhurilata TagoreDied: August 7, 1941Place of death: Calcutta, British India Occupation: Writer, composer, playwright, essayist, painter Languages: Bengali, English Awards: Nobel Prize in Literature (1913)

Let us tell you that Rabindranath Tagore was a multi-talented person with a desire to learn new things. His contributions to literature, music and some of his works are unforgettable. People not only in West Bengal but also across India remember him and his contributions on the occasion of his birth anniversary. Even in 1913, he was awarded the most prestigious Nobel Prize for his great contributions to Indian literature. Did you know he is the first Asian to receive this award? We cannot forget that he is the man who composed the Indian National Anthem.

Rabindranath Tagore: Childhood and Childhood Days

He was born on 7 May 1861 to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi in ​​Jorasanko mansion, Tagore’s family home in Kolkata (Calcutta). Among his siblings, he is the youngest. He lost his mother at a very young age, his father was a traveler and so he was raised mainly by his servants and servants. At a very young age, he was a part of the renaissance of Bengal and his family also took an active part in it. At the age of 8, he began writing poetry and at the age of 16, he also began composing works of art and began publishing his poems under the pen name Bhanusimha. In 1877, he wrote the short story ‘Bhikharini’ and in 1882 the poetry collection ‘Sandhya Sangit’.

He was influenced by Kalidasa’s classical poetry and started writing his own classical poems. His sister Swarnakumari is a famous novelist. In 1873 he traveled with his father for several months and acquired knowledge on several subjects. He studied Sikhism while in Amritsar and wrote about six poems and many articles on the religion.

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Rabindranath Tagore: Education

His traditional education began in Brighton, East Sussex, England, at a public school. In 1878, he went to England to work as a lawyer to fulfill his father’s wishes. He was not much interested in school studies and later he also joined University College in London to study law but he left this and studied various works of Shakespeare on his own. He also learned the nature of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music; he returned to India and married Mrinalini Devi.

Rabindranath Tagore: Founding of Shantiniketan

JagranjoshSource: www.thebetterindia.comHis father bought a large area of ​​land for meditation and named it Shantiniketan. Debendranath Tagore founded ‘Ashram’ in 1863. In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore founded an open-air school. It is a prayer hall with marble floors and is named ‘The Mandir’. It was also named ‘Patha Bhavana’ and started with only five students. Classes here are held under the canopy of trees and follow the traditional teaching method of Guru-Shishya. This teaching trend has revived the ancient teaching method which proved beneficial when compared with modernized methods. Unfortunately, his wife and two children passed away, and he left alone. At that time he was very confused. Meanwhile, his works began to flourish and become more popular among Bengali as well as foreign readers. In 1913, he was recognized and awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature, and became the first Nobel laureate in Asia. Currently, Shantiniketan is a famous university town in West Bengal.

Let us tell you that Rabindranath Tagore envisioned a center of learning that had the best of both the East and the West. He founded Visva Bharati University in West Bengal. It includes two campuses one in Shantiniketan and the other in Sriniketan. Sriniketan focuses on agriculture, adult education, craft villages, cottage industries and handicrafts.

Rabindranath Tagore: Literary works

Japan: Published in 1929, his novel is a gripping tale of marital rape.

Nastanirh: Published in 1901. This novel is about relationships and love, both reciprocated and unrequited.

Ghare Baire: Published in 1916. It is the story of a married woman trapped in her home trying to find her own identity.

Gora: In the 1880s, this was an expansive, complete and extremely relevant novel, touching on a number of themes such as religion, gender, feminism and also tradition versus modernity.

Chokher Bali: In 1903, a novel covering many different aspects of relationships.

His short story is Bhikarini, Kabuliwala, Kshudita Pashan, Atottju, Haimanti and Musalmanir Golpo et cetera.

The poems are Balaka, Purobi, Sonar Tori and Gitanjali.

There is no doubt that he changed aspects of Bengali literature as seen earlier. Many countries even built statues to commemorate the legendary writer. Around five museums are dedicated to Tagore, of which three are located in India and the remaining two are in Bangladesh.

He spent the last years of his life in excruciating pain and even in 1937, he fell into a coma. After much suffering, he died on August 7, 1941 at the Jorasanko mansion, where he grew up.

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