List of all Kerala Ministers (1957-2023)

Article 164 of the Indian Constitution deals with the Governor’s appointment of Ministers and other Ministers. The Governor is the legal head of the state, but the actual executive power rests with the Premier. Simply put, the Chief Minister of an Indian state is the head of Government.

In 1947, after India gained independence from the British Raj, the king of Travancore and Cochin states formed a representative government, headed by the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. On July 1, 1949, Travancore and Cochin were merged to form the state of Travancore-Cochin. Malabar District and the Kasaragod region of South Canara, which together make up more than half of present-day Kerala state, had their representatives in the Legislative Assembly of Madras.

On November 1, 1956, with the implementation of the State Reorganization Act, present-day Kerala was formed by merging the regions of Cochin, Malabar and Travancore and the Kasaragod region of South Canara. Since then, the state has been ruled by 12 Premiers.

Prime Minister Travancore (1948-1949)

S. No. Prime minister Term Party
first. Pattom A. Thanu Pillai

March 24, 1948

October 17, 1948

Indian Parliament
2. Paravoor TK Narayana Pillai

October 22, 1948

July 1, 1949

Prime Minister Cochin (1947-1949)

S. No. Prime minister Term Party
first. Panampilly Govinda Menon

August 14, 1947

October 22, 1947

Independence
2. TK Naira

October 27, 1947

September 20, 1948

3. E. Warrior Ikkanda

September 20, 1948

June 30, 1949

Premier Madras (1947-1956)

S. No. Prime minister Term Party
first. OP Ramaswamy Reddiyar

March 23, 1947

April 6, 1949

Indian Parliament
2. PS Kumaraswamy Raja

April 6, 1949

April 9, 1952

3. C. Rajagopalachari

April 10, 1952

April 13, 1954

4. K. Kamaraj

April 13, 1954

October 31, 1956

Premier of Travancore-Cochin (1949-1956)

S. No. Prime minister Term Party
first. Paravoor TK Narayana Pillai

July 1, 1949

March 1, 1951

Indian Parliament
2. C. Kesavan

March 3, 1951

March 12, 1952

3. Anaparambil Joseph John

March 12, 1952

March 16, 1954

4. Pattom Thanu Pillai

March 16, 1954

February 10, 1955

Socialist Party of Praja
5. Panampilly Govinda Menon

February 10, 1955

March 23, 1956

Indian Parliament
President’s Rules

March 23, 1956

October 31, 1956

Chief Minister of Kerala State (1957-2023)

S. No. Prime minister Term Party (Union)
President’s Rules

November 1, 1956

April 5, 1957

first. EMS Namboodiripad

April 5, 1957

July 31, 1959

Communist Party of India
President’s Rules

July 31, 1959

February 22, 1960

2. Pattom A. Thanu Pillai

February 22, 1960

September 26, 1962

Socialist Party of Praja
3. R. Sankar

September 26, 1962

September 10, 1964

Indian Parliament
President’s Rules

September 10, 1964

March 6, 1967

(first) EMS Namboodiripad

March 6, 1967

November 1, 1969

Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4. C. Achutha Menon

November 1, 1969

August 3, 1970

Communist Party of India
President’s Rules

August 4, 1970

October 3, 1970

(4) C. Achutha Menon

October 4, 1970

March 25, 1977

Communist Party of India (United Front)
5. K. Karunakaran

March 25, 1977

April 26, 1977

Indian National Congress (United Front)
6. AK Antony

April 27, 1977

October 28, 1978

7. PK Vasudevan Nair

October 29, 1978

October 11, 1979

Communist Party of India (United Front)
8. CH Mohammed Koya

October 12, 1979

December 4, 1979

All India Muslim League (United Front)
President’s Rules

December 5, 1979

January 25, 1980

9. EK Nayanar

January 25, 1980

October 20, 1981

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
President’s Rules

October 21, 1981

December 28, 1981

(5) K. Karunakaran

December 28, 1981

March 17, 1982

Congress of India (I) (United Democratic Front)
President’s Rules

March 17, 1982

May 23, 1982

(5) K. Karunakaran

May 24, 1982

March 25, 1987

Indian Parliament (United Democratic Front)
(9) EK Nayanar

March 26, 1987

June 23, 1991

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
(5) K. Karunakaran

June 24, 1991

March 21, 1995

Indian Parliament (United Democratic Front)
(6) AK Antony

March 22, 1995

May 19, 1996

(9) EK Nayanar

May 20, 1996

May 16, 2001

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
(6) AK Antony

May 17, 2001

August 30, 2004

Indian Parliament (United Democratic Front)
ten. Omen Chandy

August 31, 2004

May 17, 2006

11. VS Achuthanandan

May 18, 2006

May 17, 2011

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)
(ten) Omen Chandy

May 18, 2011

May 24, 2016

Indian Parliament (United Democratic Front)
twelfth. Pinarayi Vijayan

May 25, 2016

incumbent

Communist Party of India (Marxist) (Left Democratic Front)

Main highlights:

1- EK Nayanar is the longest serving Chief Minister of Kerala with nearly 11 years in office.

2- CH Mohammed Koya is the Prime Minister with the shortest serving time of Kerala with only 53 days in office.

3- Oommen Chandy, who served a total of 6 years and 253 days as the 10th Chief Minister of Kerala died on July 18, 2023. In addition to serving as Kerala’s CM twice, his illustrious career. Chandy also included holding key ministerial positions such as Labour, Home Affairs and Finance in various governments under the leadership of K Karunakaran and AK Antony. In addition, he has taken on an important role as Leader of the Opposition in the Kerala Council. Notably, representing the Puthuppally constituency, he held the MLA office for more than 50 years, setting an unparalleled record for the longest tenure in the state’s political history. According to the source, he was diagnosed with cancer and died during treatment. Oomen Chandy is 79 years old.

This is the complete list of all the Chief Ministers of Kerala. Students who will appear in government as well as competitive exams should look closely at the list.

List of All Chief Ministers of Assam (1937-2021)

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Source: pagasa.edu.vn

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