Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Largest Cities in Canada

Canada is the second-largest country in the world in terms of land area, covering approximately 9.98 million square kilometers. It is home to a diverse population of over 38 million people, with a significant portion residing in urban areas. Canada is known for its stunning natural landscapes, cultural diversity, and strong economy.

The country’s largest cities offer a glimpse into the unique character and flavor of Canada. These cities serve as centers of commerce, culture, and innovation, attracting residents and visitors from around the world.

The largest cities in Canada are spread out across the country, with many located in close proximity to the US border. These cities are known for their thriving industries, diverse communities, and world-class attractions. Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary are among the largest cities in Canada, each with its own distinct character and appeal.

In this article, exploring the largest cities in Canada is a great way to learn about the country’s history, culture, and economy. From the bustling metropolis of Toronto to the vibrant and cosmopolitan city of Montreal, each of these cities has its unique charm, offering a unique experience to those who visit or reside in them.

Top 10 Largest Cities in Canada

The Top 10 Largest Cities in Canada encompass a diverse range of urban centers across the country. These cities are not only characterized by their size and population but also by their unique cultural, economic, and geographic features. From the bustling metropolis of Toronto, known for its multiculturalism and thriving arts scene, to the charming European charm of Quebec City, each city offers its own distinct identity and attractions. Montreal stands out as the largest French-speaking city in North America, while Vancouver boasts stunning natural beauty with its coastal setting and mountainous backdrop. Calgary and Edmonton showcase Alberta’s vibrant energy sector and offer a blend of urban amenities and outdoor recreational opportunities. Ottawa, as the nation’s capital, holds historical and political significance, while Mississauga, Winnipeg, and Hamilton contribute to Canada’s economic and cultural fabric. These top 10 cities reflect the diversity, vibrancy, and unique character of Canada’s urban landscape.

S. No

Largest Cities in Canada




6.2 million



5.2 million



2.6 million



1.4 million



1.2 million



1.1 million



1.1 million



0.8 million


Quebec City

0.7 million



0.7 million


1. Toronto (6.2 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Toronto, the capital city of the province of Ontario, is the largest city in Canada by population. Known for its multiculturalism, vibrant arts scene, and thriving economy, Toronto is a major global hub and one of the most diverse cities in the world. The city’s skyline is dominated by the iconic CN Tower, offering breathtaking views of the metropolis. Toronto is a bustling center of commerce, finance, and industry, with a strong presence in sectors such as technology, media, and healthcare. The city is also renowned for its cultural attractions, including the Royal Ontario Museum, the Art Gallery of Ontario, and numerous theaters and music venues. With its diverse neighborhoods, world-class dining, and an abundance of parks and green spaces, Toronto offers a high quality of life to its residents.

2. Montreal (5.2 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Situated in the province of Quebec, Montreal is the second-largest city in Canada and the largest French-speaking city in North America. Known for its European charm and rich history, Montreal seamlessly blends old-world elegance with modern innovation. The city boasts stunning architecture, highlighted by the majestic Notre Dame Basilica and the bustling cobblestone streets of Old Montreal. Montreal’s cultural scene is vibrant, with numerous festivals, including the internationally acclaimed Montreal Jazz Festival and Just For Laughs Comedy Festival. The city is a center for arts, design, and technology, with a growing startup ecosystem. Montreal is also renowned for its culinary delights, offering a diverse array of international cuisines and a thriving food truck culture. With its unique blend of cultures, lively nightlife, and a strong sense of community, Montreal captivates both residents and visitors alike.

3. Vancouver (2.6 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the stunning Coast Mountains in British Columbia, Vancouver is a city renowned for its breathtaking natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities. Known as one of the most livable cities in the world, Vancouver offers a high quality of life and a mild climate that attracts residents and visitors alike. The city is characterized by its modern skyline, picturesque parks, and sandy beaches. Stanley Park, a vast urban park, is a beloved attraction, offering hiking trails, scenic bike routes, and the Vancouver Aquarium. Vancouver is a major economic center, particularly in industries such as film production, technology, and tourism. The city’s diverse population contributes to its vibrant culinary scene, with a focus on fresh, local ingredients. Vancouver’s multicultural neighborhoods, such as Chinatown and Gastown, add to its charm and offer a rich tapestry of cultures.

4. Calgary (1.4 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Nestled in the picturesque foothills of the Canadian Rockies, Calgary is the fourth-largest city in Canada, boasting a population of around 1.4 million people. Known as the “Heart of the New West,” Calgary is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city with a strong economy primarily driven by the energy sector, particularly oil, and gas. It is home to numerous corporate headquarters and hosts the famous Calgary Stampede, a world-renowned rodeo, and festival that celebrates the city’s Western heritage.

In addition to its economic prowess, Calgary offers residents and visitors a wealth of recreational opportunities. The city is surrounded by breathtaking natural beauty, making it a haven for outdoor enthusiasts. From hiking and biking in the nearby Rocky Mountains to exploring the vast network of parks and pathways along the Bow and Elbow Rivers, there is no shortage of activities to enjoy. Calgary also boasts a thriving arts and culture scene, with museums, galleries, theaters, and a vibrant music and festival calendar.

5. Edmonton (1.2 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Situated in the heart of Alberta, Edmonton stands as the fifth-largest city in Canada, with a population of approximately 1.2 million residents. Known as the “Festival City,” Edmonton is celebrated for its lively arts and cultural scene. The city is home to the renowned West Edmonton Mall, one of the largest shopping and entertainment complexes in the world, drawing visitors from far and wide.

Edmonton is a major economic hub for the province, with industries such as oil and gas, manufacturing, and technology driving its economy. The city is also home to the University of Alberta, a leading educational institution renowned for its research and innovation.

Aside from its economic and cultural offerings, Edmonton embraces its natural surroundings, with an abundance of parks, river valleys, and outdoor spaces. The North Saskatchewan River Valley, which runs through the city, is one of the largest urban park systems in North America, offering ample opportunities for outdoor recreation, including hiking, cycling, and cross-country skiing.

6. Ottawa (1.1 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

As the capital city of Canada, Ottawa holds a special place in the country’s history and governance. With a population of around 1.1 million, it is the sixth-largest city in Canada. Ottawa is home to the federal government and serves as a center for politics, law, and public administration.

Beyond its governmental significance, Ottawa is a vibrant cultural hub, offering a blend of historic landmarks, modern architecture, and a thriving arts scene. The city’s downtown area is dotted with iconic attractions like Parliament Hill, the Rideau Canal (a UNESCO World Heritage site), and the National Gallery of Canada.

Ottawa’s natural beauty also shines through, with ample green spaces, parks, and the expansive Gatineau Park just a short drive away. Residents and visitors can enjoy outdoor activities such as biking, hiking, and boating in the summer, while winter brings opportunities for ice skating on the Rideau Canal and winter sports in the nearby hills.

7. Mississauga (1.1 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Mississauga, located in the province of Ontario, is Canada’s sixth-largest city. Situated just west of Toronto along the shores of Lake Ontario, Mississauga is a bustling and diverse metropolis. With a population of approximately 1.1 million people, it is a vibrant hub of business, culture, and entertainment.

Mississauga boasts a strong and diverse economy, with numerous major corporations and industries calling it home. It is a major center for finance, technology, and manufacturing, providing ample employment opportunities for its residents. The city also hosts a thriving arts and cultural scene, with museums, galleries, theaters, and festivals that celebrate its multicultural heritage.

8. Winnipeg (0.8 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Located in the heart of Canada, Winnipeg is the capital city of the province of Manitoba. With a population of around 0.8 million people, it is the seventh-largest city in Canada. Known as the “Gateway to the West,” Winnipeg has a rich history and serves as a cultural and economic hub for the region.

Winnipeg’s economy is diverse, with sectors such as manufacturing, finance, aerospace, and transportation playing significant roles. The city has a vibrant arts and cultural scene, with numerous museums, galleries, and theaters showcasing its heritage and creativity. Winnipeg also hosts several annual festivals, including the famous Winnipeg Folk Festival and the Festival du Voyageur.

9. Quebec City (0.7 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Situated in the province of Quebec, Quebec City is the capital and second-largest city in the province. With a population of approximately 0.7 million people, it is known for its rich history, French-speaking culture, and charming European-style architecture.

Quebec City’s old town, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a major draw for visitors, with its cobblestone streets, centuries-old buildings, and iconic landmarks like the Château Frontenac. The city’s economy is diverse, with sectors such as tourism, government services, education, and manufacturing contributing to its growth. Quebec City also hosts numerous cultural events and festivals throughout the year, including the famous Quebec Winter Carnival.

10. Hamilton (0.7 million)

Largest Cities in Canada: Top 10 Cultural Attractions

Located in southern Ontario, Hamilton is a vibrant city with a population of around 0.7 million people. Positioned on the western end of Lake Ontario, it is known for its industrial heritage, natural beauty, and thriving arts scene.

Hamilton’s economy was historically driven by steel production and manufacturing, earning it the nickname “Steel City.” While these industries still play a role, the city has diversified into sectors such as healthcare, education, technology, and creative industries. Hamilton is also home to several post-secondary institutions, including McMaster University. The city boasts numerous parks, waterfalls, and conservation areas, making it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts. Its thriving arts community is showcased through galleries, theaters, and annual events like the Supercrawl Festival.

Which is the Largest City in Canada?

Toronto, with a population of approximately 6.2 million people, is not only the largest city in Canada but also the provincial capital of Ontario. Situated on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario, Toronto is a dynamic and diverse metropolis that serves as the economic, cultural, and financial hub of the country. 

Toronto’s economy is robust and diverse, with major industries ranging from finance and technology to film production and tourism. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, making it a prominent center for business and commerce. Additionally, it boasts a thriving arts and entertainment scene, with numerous theaters, art galleries, music venues, and film festivals.

The city’s skyline is dominated by iconic landmarks such as the CN Tower, a symbol of Toronto’s modernity and innovation. Visitors can enjoy breathtaking views from its observation deck or partake in the thrilling EdgeWalk, a hands-free walk around the tower’s exterior. Toronto is also known for its multiculturalism, with over 200 ethnic groups contributing to its vibrant cultural fabric. Neighborhoods like Chinatown, Little Italy, Greektown, and Little India showcase the city’s rich diversity through their cuisine, festivals, and cultural events.

Toronto is renowned for its world-class educational institutions, including the University of Toronto, York University, and Ryerson University. These institutions attract students from around the globe, contributing to the city’s intellectual vitality and fostering innovation.

With an extensive public transportation system, including subways, buses, and streetcars, getting around the city is convenient. Toronto is also home to an array of green spaces, such as High Park and the Toronto Islands, providing residents and visitors with opportunities for outdoor recreation and relaxation.

From exploring the eclectic neighborhoods to enjoying international cuisine, attending professional sports events, or immersing oneself in the thriving arts and culture scene, Toronto offers a vibrant and cosmopolitan experience that reflects the spirit of Canada’s largest city.

What Cultural Attractions and Landmarks Can be Found in the Largest City?


Toronto, as the largest city in Canada, offers a wealth of cultural attractions and landmarks. Visitors can explore the iconic CN Tower, the Royal Ontario Museum, the Art Gallery of Ontario, and the Distillery Historic District. The city also hosts the Toronto International Film Festival, attracting renowned filmmakers and actors from around the world. Vibrant neighborhoods like Kensington Market, Chinatown, and Little Italy showcase the city’s multicultural fabric. Additionally, Toronto is home to numerous theaters, including the famous Mirvish Theatre, and hosts world-class performances by the Toronto Symphony Orchestra and the National Ballet of Canada.


Montreal, known for its European charm, boasts a rich cultural scene. The historic district of Old Montreal offers a glimpse into the city’s past, with cobblestone streets, centuries-old architecture, and landmarks like Notre Dame Basilica. The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Pointe-à-Callière Museum, and Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal showcase the city’s vibrant arts scene. Festival enthusiasts can revel in the internationally acclaimed Montreal Jazz Festival and the Just For Laughs Comedy Festival. The city also hosts numerous cultural events celebrating its Francophone heritage, such as the Fête nationale du Québec and the Montreal International Tango Festival.


Vancouver, with its stunning natural beauty, is a cultural hub on the West Coast. The Vancouver Art Gallery houses an extensive collection of Canadian and international art, while the Museum of Anthropology showcases indigenous art and culture. Visitors can explore the vibrant neighborhood of Gastown, known for its historic charm and trendy shops. The Vancouver Symphony Orchestra and the Vancouver Opera offer world-class performances, while the city’s theater scene is highlighted by the Arts Club Theatre Company. The annual Vancouver International Film Festival and the Celebration of Light fireworks display are popular cultural events.


Calgary, nestled in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies, offers a unique blend of culture and natural beauty. The Glenbow Museum showcases Western Canadian art, history, and culture, while the Calgary Tower provides panoramic views of the city. The annual Calgary Stampede, a world-famous rodeo, and festival, celebrates the city’s Western heritage. Theatre Calgary and Alberta Theatre Projects host captivating performances, and the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra delights music enthusiasts. The city’s diverse neighborhoods, such as Inglewood and Kensington, offer art galleries, boutiques, and eateries, contributing to Calgary’s vibrant cultural landscape.


Edmonton, the capital of Alberta, is home to a variety of cultural attractions. The Art Gallery of Alberta houses an impressive collection of contemporary and historical art. The Royal Alberta Museum offers exhibits on natural and human history, while the Muttart Conservatory showcases unique plant species. The city hosts the Edmonton International Fringe Theatre Festival, the largest of its kind in North America, as well as the Edmonton Folk Music Festival and the Ice on Whyte Festival. Edmonton is also known for its vibrant theater scene, with companies like the Citadel Theatre and the Varscona Theatre.


As Canada’s capital, Ottawa is rich in cultural attractions and landmarks. The Parliament Hill is a significant symbol of Canadian democracy and offers guided tours. The National Gallery of Canada houses an extensive collection of Canadian and international art, including the iconic Group of Seven paintings. The Canadian Museum of History explores the country’s heritage, while the Rideau Canal, a UNESCO World Heritage site, offers scenic views. Ottawa hosts major cultural events like Winterlude, the Canadian Tulip Festival, and Canada Day celebrations on Parliament Hill. The city’s vibrant ByWard Market district is a hub of restaurants, boutiques, and galleries.


Mississauga, a city neighboring Toronto, offers its own cultural attractions and landmarks. Celebration Square hosts various events, including live concerts, cultural festivals, and outdoor movie screenings. The Living Arts Centre showcases performing arts, visual arts, and educational programs. Mississauga also has a diverse culinary scene, with a range of international cuisines to explore. The Art Gallery of Mississauga exhibits contemporary art, while the Bradley Museum provides insights into the city’s history and heritage. Additionally, residents and visitors can enjoy nature and outdoor recreation at parks like Port Credit Memorial Park and Riverwood Park, which offer walking trails, picnic areas, and waterfront views.


Winnipeg, known as the cultural capital of Canada’s Prairies, offers a vibrant arts and cultural scene. The Exchange District, a National Historic Site, features well-preserved early 20th-century architecture and is home to art galleries, theaters, and boutiques. The Winnipeg Art Gallery is renowned for its collection of Canadian and international art, including the world’s largest collection of Inuit art. The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is a significant landmark that explores human rights issues globally. The Royal Manitoba Theatre Centre and the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra provide outstanding performing arts experiences, while festivals like Folklorama and Festival du Voyageur celebrate the city’s multicultural heritage.

Quebec City:

As the capital of the province of Quebec, Quebec City offers a wealth of cultural attractions and landmarks steeped in history. The historic district of Old Quebec, a UNESCO World Heritage site, showcases well-preserved 17th-century architecture, charming streets, and landmarks like the iconic Château Frontenac. The Musée de la civilization presents exhibitions on Quebec’s history, culture, and society. The Quartier Petit Champlain offers a charming ambiance with its boutique shops, cafes, and art galleries. The city’s Winter Carnival is a highlight, featuring ice sculptures, parades, and winter activities. Additionally, the Grand Théâtre de Québec hosts opera, ballet, theater, and orchestral performances, enriching the city’s cultural offerings.


Hamilton, situated in southern Ontario, offers a mix of cultural attractions and landmarks. The Art Gallery of Hamilton houses a diverse collection of Canadian and international art, while the Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum showcases a collection of military aircraft. The Royal Botanical Gardens, one of the largest in the world, is a stunning destination for nature lovers. Hamilton also boasts a vibrant music scene, with venues like FirstOntario Concert Hall and the Casbah hosting live performances. The city’s heritage is celebrated at attractions like Dundurn Castle and the HMCS Haida National Historic Site. Additionally, the annual Supercrawl festival showcases music, art, and food in the downtown core.

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