World Hypertension Day 2023: World Hypertension Day is celebrated every year on May 17 worldwide. The main objective behind celebrating this day is to educate people and spread awareness about hypertension and its effects on the body. This year’s theme raises awareness about the importance of accurate blood pressure measurements.
Excessive blood flow toward the artery walls is called hypertension. Blood pressure above 140/90 is generally considered high and above 180/120 is a warning. In many cases, high blood pressure has no symptoms and if left uncontrolled, it can lead to health problems such as heart disease and stroke.
Know about facts, figures and initiatives of different countries in this article.
General information and data about hypertension
- Worldwide, it is estimated that 1.28 billion people between the ages of 30 and 79 have hypertension, with the majority (two-thirds) living in low- and middle-income countries.
- Adults with hypertension are found to be 46% less likely to be aware of their condition.
- Adults with hypertension are diagnosed and treated in only 42% of cases.
- 21% of people with hypertension are controlled.
- Around the world, hypertension is a major factor leading to premature death.
- Reducing the prevalence of hypertension by 33% between 2010 and 2030 is one of the global targets for non-communicable diseases.
Hypertension in low- and middle-income countries
Depending on the country and region, the incidence of hypertension varies. The WHO Americas Region had the lowest prevalence of hypertension (18%) and the WHO Africa Region had the highest prevalence of hypertension (27%) overall.
Adults with hypertension increased from 594 million in 1975 to 1.13 billion in 2015, with low- and middle-income countries accounting for the majority of the increase. This increase is mainly due to an increase in risk factors for hypertension in those groups.
WHO response to hypertension
In September 2016, WHO and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) established the Global Heart Initiative, including the HEARTS technical package, to support countries in improving the prevention and control of cardiovascular disease. Six modules of the HEARTS technical package—Healthy lifestyle counseling, evidence-based treatment protocols, access to essential medicines and technologies, risk-based management, team-based care, and systems tracking system—providing a comprehensive strategy to promote cardiovascular health in all countries. all around the world.
India Hypertension Control Initiative
The World Health Organization estimates that non-communicable diseases account for about 63% of all deaths in India, with cardiovascular diseases accounting for 27% of these deaths and affecting 45% of adults in ages 40 to 69. One of the most significant risk factors for CVD is high blood pressure. Furthermore, it continues to be poorly controlled due to limited knowledge about hypertension, inadequate primary care, and poor follow-up.
By 2025, India wants to reduce the relative incidence of hypertension (high blood pressure) by 25%. The Indian government has established the India Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI) to expedite treatment services for the country’s 220 million hypertensive citizens.
In India, only 12% of hypertensive patients are able to control their blood pressure. One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart attack and stroke, is uncontrolled blood pressure, which accounts for one-third of all deaths in India.
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Indian Council of Medical Research, WHO India Country Office and Resolve to Save Lives collaborated to launch IHCI in November 2017.
Some serious illnesses, including kidney and heart problems, can be caused by high blood pressure. Therefore, World Hypertension Day is an opportunity to raise awareness about the causes, types, symptoms, treatments and other aspects of this condition.
Source: World Health Organization
World Hypertension Day 2023: Quotes, wishes, WhatsApp & Facebook Status, Messages, Slogans etc.