What are physical disorders? Meaning, symptoms, causes and treatment

Modern beauty standards have seriously distorted people’s self-image. Seeing muscular, muscular men with abs and chiseled jaws as well as women with chiseled bodies and sharp lines on social media can have a negative effect on self-confidence and self-esteem. everyone’s stress level. Nowadays everyone wants to be beautiful and there is no harm in that but being obsessed with the body can lead to a mental health condition called body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) or body dysmorphia. body disorder. Even celebrities that people idolize have BDD. Hollywood star Megan Fox, who has been on the list of most beautiful women and is idolized by many women, recently revealed her struggle with body dysmorphia. Dive into what BDD is and everything you need to know from its meaning, history, symptoms, causes, and treatments.

Related: What is Gaslighting? Definition, warning signs and treatment

What are physical disorders?

Body dysmorphic disorder is a type of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) first identified by Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morselli in 1891. The term “body dysmorphia” is derived from a Greek word meaning deformed or ugly.

BDD has become more popular and prominent in the modern world. It is especially common in adolescents and is estimated to affect approximately 0.7% to 2.4% of the population. BDD can seriously change a person’s way of life and negatively affect personal and social life.

Body narcissism is often fueled by positivity about one’s appearance while BDD is fueled by negative views.

Megan Fox says she has body dysmorphia pic.twitter.com/1mKrq9UP9a

– Daily Loud (@DailyLoud)
May 16, 2023

What are the symptoms of body dysmorphia?

The biggest and most common symptom of body dysmorphia is not liking your appearance. It can range from dislike of the smallest part of the body like the ears to the entire body.

The following are symptoms of BDD:

  • Worrying a lot about a specific area of ​​the body (usually the face)
  • Spend a lot of time comparing your appearance to others
  • Check yourself in the mirror or avoid mirrors altogether
  • Spend a lot of time trying to hide your flaws – wearing too much makeup, brushing your hair too often, difficulty choosing clothes
  • Choose your skin
  • Weigh regularly
  • Take selfies, use filters and multi-edit your photos
  • Exercising too hard
  • Shopping too much and changing clothes frequently
  • Look into cosmetic surgery

What are the causes of body dysmorphia?

  • There are many causes of body dysmorphic disorder. Most are purely mental, while a few stem from underlying health problems. You can check the causes of BDD below:
  • Abuse or bullying: Traumatic experiences, especially at a young age, can lead to negative self-image. Bullying, abuse and neglect of children are the main culprits.
  • Low self-esteem: Individuals with low self-esteem are more likely to develop BDD because of their inherent insecurity. They pay special attention to their appearance.
  • Fear of rejection
  • Perfectionism or comparing yourself to others: the race for perfection never ends, and there’s really no point in constantly comparing yourself to others because no matter what you do, There is always someone better than you.
  • Genetics: Mental health disorders like BDD can run in families and be passed on to children.
  • Depression, anxiety or OCD: These conditions are known to accelerate negativity and mood swings in people, and can give rise to somatization disorders.

Treatment of physical disorders

Body dysmorphia is a common but mild disorder that can be easily treated with professional help. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most preferred type of treatment for BDD. It is a type of talk therapy that involves talking with a professional or in a group. CBT can help people with BDD manage their symptoms and resolve their insecurities. It also identifies factors that cause BDD and how patients can perceive their situation and feel differently.

Antidepressants are also used to treat body dysmorphia.

Categories: Optical Illusion
Source: pagasa.edu.vn

Leave a Comment