Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa – Major Contribution to the Country’s Economy

Richest Tribe in Africa

The richest tribes in Africa have become so by excelling in generating and multiplying wealth, and studying them can provide insights into how to promote prosperity throughout the continent. Given the widespread poverty in Africa, it is essential to understand the strategies that have enabled these tribes to succeed economically.

By studying the business and entrepreneurial practices of Africa’s wealthiest tribes, other African communities can learn from their success and apply similar strategies to improve their own economic circumstances. With greater economic prosperity, African communities could have better access to education, healthcare, and other basic needs, ultimately leading to a better quality of life.

The existence of such wealthy tribes within Africa is a positive sign of the continent’s potential for economic growth and development. It is crucial that African countries learn from their success and work to implement policies and strategies that promote economic prosperity for all. Through this, Africa can move towards becoming financially independent, and a more prosperous and equitable society.

In this article, we have listed and explained the top 10 richest tribes in Africa. Hence, we suggest you to go through the article completely for detailed knowledge about the tribes in Africa. Scroll down and enjoy reading!

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa

Here is the list of the top 10 richest tribes in Africa:






Southern region of Benin Republic



KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa



Limpopo province, South Africa


Hausa and Fulani 

Northern region of Nigeria



Southwestern Ethiopia



Southeastern Nigeria


The Ashanti

Akan Nation in Ghana


El Molo

Northern Eastern Province of Kenya



Eastern Cape Province of South Africa





1. Yoruba (Southern region of Benin Republic)

The Yoruba ethnic group holds a preeminent position in Nigeria, as they are the largest ethnic group in the country, and are also present in the southern region of Benin Republic. Their ancestral lands are primarily situated in the southwestern region of Nigeria, where they have established significant political influence. The Yoruba people have built some of the most developed cities in Nigeria, including Lagos, Ogun, and Ibadan, which are all located within their territory.

Furthermore, the Yoruba tribe commands a significant portion of Nigeria’s international trade, with Lagos serving as the most critical port city in West Africa. This has contributed to the tribe’s economic prosperity, which is reflected in the wealth of several prominent Yoruba individuals such as Folorunso Alakija, Bola Tinubu, Mike Adenuga, and Femi Otedola.

The Yoruba ethnic group plays a vital role in Nigeria’s political and economic landscape. With their extensive cultural heritage and significant contributions to the country’s growth and development, the Yoruba people hold a crucial place in Nigerian history and society.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

2. Zulu (KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa)

The Zulu tribe stands out as one of the most prominent ethnic groups in South Africa. As a country known for its wealth and abundance of resources, it is evident that the Zulu people are among the richest tribes on the African continent. The Zulu people take great pride in their cultural heritage and have a storied history of resistance against colonialism and oppression. Notably, they played a crucial role in defending their land against British invaders during the colonization of South Africa.

In addition to their proud history, the Zulu people are also active in various economic and political spheres. They are involved in a wide range of business ventures, including agriculture, car dealerships, construction, and retail. This entrepreneurial spirit has contributed significantly to the tribe’s economic prosperity and helped to establish the Zulu as a financially powerful group within South Africa.

Furthermore, the Zulu people have also made significant contributions to the country’s political landscape, having played a pivotal role in the fight against apartheid. This struggle against oppression and discrimination saw many Zulu people take up leadership positions in the government of South Africa, where they continue to hold strategic roles and shape the country’s political direction.

In summary, the Zulu tribe stands as a significant force in South Africa’s cultural, economic, and political spheres. Through their resilience, entrepreneurial spirit, and political leadership, the Zulu people have established themselves as one of the wealthiest and most influential ethnic groups in Africa.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

3. Pedi (Limpopo province, South Africa)

The Pedi tribe, also known as the Transvaal Sotho, Northern Sotho, or Bapedi people, is a prominent ethnic group in South Africa. Their prosperity can be attributed to the country’s thriving economy, which has enabled them to flourish. Interestingly, many Pedi people are pastoralists who engage in agriculture to generate their wealth.

The Pedi tribe derives their wealth from the land they own and the food they produce. Their agricultural activities are highly organized, with food and milk sold to processing houses that distribute them to the general population and even export to foreign markets. This well-structured system has played a significant role in the tribe’s economic success.

The Pedi tribe is estimated to have a population of between 7 to 11 million individuals, making them a substantial ethnic group in South Africa. Despite their wealth, the Pedi people have shown that it is possible to generate wealth without damaging the environment. They have demonstrated that it is possible to engage in sustainable agricultural practices and maintain a healthy balance between human activities and the natural world.

The Pedi tribe serves as an excellent example of how an ethnic group can prosper through their connection to the land and engagement in sustainable agricultural practices. They have established themselves as a financially stable and influential ethnic group in South Africa, and their success serves as an inspiration to others.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

4. Hausa and Fulani (Northern region of Nigeria)

The Hausa and Fulani tribes are prominent ethnic groups in the northern region of Nigeria, and they can also be found in neighboring countries such as Niger Republic and Chad. These tribes have demonstrated remarkable success in Nigerian politics, which has largely been dominated by the military. This success can be attributed to the fact that the Hausa and Fulani people have significant influence over the army and other military organizations in Nigeria.

Another factor that contributes to their political power is their large population. The Hausa and Fulani people vote in unison for their preferred candidates, which gives them considerable sway in Nigerian politics. This unity and loyalty have helped them to gain and maintain political dominance in the region.

In addition to their political prowess, the Hausa and Fulani tribes are also home to some of the wealthiest individuals in Africa, such as Aliko Dangote and Abdulsamad Rabiu. These individuals have made significant contributions to the economic development of the region, and their success serves as a source of inspiration for others.

The Hausa and Fulani tribes have established themselves as politically powerful and economically successful ethnic groups in Nigeria and beyond. Their unity, loyalty, and significant influence over the military have played a significant role in their political dominance, while their entrepreneurial spirit and business acumen have contributed to their economic prosperity.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

5. Suri (Southwestern Ethiopia)

The Suri is a collective name used to describe a group of highland tribes residing in the expansive Suri woreda of southwestern Ethiopia. This community comprises various nationalities, including the Suri Chai, the Suri Timaga, and others. The Suri people are well known for their unique cultural practices, such as lip piercing and adorning themselves with wide metal plates.

For the Suri, their cultural practices are a source of pride, and they believe that it enhances their physical attractiveness. The Suri people are also distinguished by their language, which sets them apart from other tribes in Ethiopia.

Historically, the Suri people were predominantly pastoralists, relying on their livestock for survival. However, with modernization, they have adopted new practices, including farming and selling agricultural produce in bulk. These practices have created more opportunities for the Suri to earn a decent living and improve their quality of life.

Despite these changes, the Suri people remain deeply connected to their cultural heritage and traditional way of life. They take pride in their unique customs and continue to pass them down to future generations.

The Suri people are a proud community with a rich cultural heritage. Their unique language and distinctive cultural practices, such as lip piercing, have made them stand out among other tribes in Ethiopia. While they have adopted modern practices, they still maintain their pastoralist roots and traditional way of life.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

6. Igbo (Southeastern Nigeria)

The Igbo tribe is a prominent group in Nigeria with a significant presence in Equatorial Guinea and Gabon as well. The Igbo people are well-known for their active involvement in business ventures. They have a unique cultural practice called “Igba Boy” which involves sending young boys to work as apprentices for traders and business people.

During the apprenticeship period, the young boys live with their employers and learn from them not only about the business but also about life in general. This tradition has produced many successful Igbo businessmen who have gone on to become industry leaders.

Despite the Igbo people’s emphasis on business and entrepreneurship, they still value education and seek higher learning to expand their knowledge and skills. They place little importance on politics, the military, and government, instead focusing their efforts on building their businesses and contributing to their communities.

In recent times, the Igbo people have leveraged technology to expand their reach, and many have ventured into e-commerce and other digital businesses. Their entrepreneurial spirit and willingness to embrace change have made them a driving force in Nigeria’s economy.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

7. The Ashanti (Akan Nation in Ghana)

The Ashanti Tribe, a part of the Akan Nation in Ghana, has been known for their wealth since ancient times due to the abundance of gold in their region. In the past, the Ashanti Tribe ruled over a vast land and their empire was one of the largest in West Africa.

In present times, the Ashanti people are active in various fields including politics, business, and sports. They have contributed significantly to the economy of Ghana and their prosperity is linked to the strength of the Ghanaian economy.

Kumasi, a city within their homeland, has become one of the financial hubs of Ghana and West Africa, contributing to the tribe’s affluence. The Ashanti people’s involvement in various fields of life has helped them to achieve success and maintain their position as one of the wealthiest tribes in Ghana.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

8. El Molo (Northern Eastern Province of Kenya)

The El Molo people, also known as Elmolo, Dehes, Fura-Pawa, or Ldes, are a tribe primarily residing in the northern Eastern Province of Kenya. Historically, their mother tongue was the El Molo language, but the language has declined in usage over time, with only a few elderly speakers remaining today.

Traditionally, the El Molo people were hunters and fishermen, and they still practice these activities today. Additionally, many of them work in the hospitality industry, serving as tour guides for visitors to their region.

Despite their simple way of life, the El Molo people are wealthy due to the value of their land, much of which is protected by law. As a result, the El Molo people have the opportunity to live in harmony with nature and preserve their traditional way of life while still benefiting from their land’s value.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

9. Xhosa (Eastern Cape Province of South Africa)

The Xhosa tribe is predominantly situated in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, but they can also be found in smaller numbers in other regions of the country. Nowadays, a Xhosa individual can only be recognized through their language or by self-identification.

The Xhosa language is unique and fascinating, featuring a distinct clicking sound in some of its vocabulary. The Xhosa people are involved in various industries such as agriculture, business, and academia, and they take pride in preserving their cultural heritage. Unlike some other tribes, the Xhosa have managed to build their economy without harming the environment.

Their farming methods are sustainable and efficient, and they have been able to produce a significant amount of food while still preserving the land. Furthermore, the Xhosa people have made remarkable contributions to South Africa’s arts, literature, and music. Their traditional music and dance forms are recognized worldwide and continue to influence contemporary African music.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

10. Oromo (Ethiopia)

The Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, comprising about 40% of the country’s population. Ethiopia is a country with a rich history and cultural heritage, and the Oromo tribe has played a significant role in shaping this history.

Given their large population, the Oromo people have a considerable influence on the economy of Ethiopia. It is therefore not surprising that they are quite advanced economically. The Oromo tribe is involved in various sectors, including business, agriculture, and real estate.

In terms of business, the Oromo people are known for their entrepreneurial spirit. They have established businesses in various fields, including trading, manufacturing, and services. Agriculture is also a significant source of income for the Oromo tribe, and they are involved in both subsistence and commercial farming.

Furthermore, the Oromo people are also involved in the real estate industry, particularly in urban areas. They have invested heavily in property development, and this has contributed to the growth of the real estate sector in Ethiopia.

Apart from their economic activities, the Oromo people also participate in politics and government. They have been involved in various political movements and have played a significant role in shaping the political landscape of Ethiopia.

Top 10 Richest Tribe in Africa - Major Contribution to the Country's Economy

Who is the Richest Tribe in Africa?

The Yoruba tribe is considered to be the wealthiest in Africa in 2023. They have a population of approximately 35 million, which is about 20 percent of Nigeria’s population. The Yoruba people are renowned for their exceptional business and entrepreneurial skills, and they place a high value on education.

Many successful businessmen and women of Yoruba origin can be found across Nigeria and in other parts of the world. This is due in large part to their cultural emphasis on business and entrepreneurship. The Yoruba people are also very proud of their educational achievements, with many of their children pursuing higher education and advanced degrees.

In addition to business and education, the Yoruba people also participate in politics and government. They have been instrumental in shaping Nigeria’s political landscape, with many Yoruba politicians holding important positions at the federal and state levels.

Overall, the Yoruba tribe is a significant force in Nigeria and Africa as a whole, contributing to the country’s economic growth and development in various sectors.

Understanding Africa’s Wealthiest Tribes

Africa is a continent with a rich diversity of cultures, traditions, and tribes. Some of these tribes have been able to attain significant wealth through various means, such as entrepreneurship, agriculture, natural resources, and other economic activities.

Studying the wealthiest tribes in Africa can provide insights into the factors that contribute to their economic success. This knowledge can be used to promote economic development and prosperity across the continent.

One example of a wealthy tribe in Africa is the Yoruba tribe of Nigeria. The Yoruba people are renowned for their high business and entrepreneurial skills, and they make up 20% of Nigeria’s population. They are also known for their commitment to education, which has helped them achieve success in various fields.

The Igbo tribe of Nigeria is another example of a wealthy tribe in Africa. The Igbo people are predominantly involved in business and entrepreneurship. They have a cultural practice of apprenticeship, where young boys are taken in by traders and business people to learn the ropes of the trade. Many successful Igbo businessmen have passed through this system, contributing to the tribe’s economic success.

The Ashanti tribe of Ghana is also a wealthy tribe in Africa. They were once rulers of a vast land, and their region is rich in gold, contributing to their economic prosperity. Today, the Ashanti people are involved in politics, business, sports, and other areas of life. They have contributed greatly to the economy of Ghana, and their homeland of Kumasi is now one of the financial capitals of Ghana and West Africa.

The Oromo tribe of Ethiopia is another wealthy tribe in Africa. They make up 40% of the country’s population and are mainly involved in business, agriculture, and real estate. The Oromo people have also participated in politics and running the government.

Studying the ways of life of these and other wealthy tribes in Africa can provide insights into the factors that contribute to their success. By emulating their practices and strategies, other tribes and communities across the continent can achieve economic prosperity and growth. 

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.

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