Highest Mountain Peak in India – Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

Highest Mountain Peak in India

India is home to some of the world’s highest and most majestic mountain peaks, offering breathtaking vistas and challenging expeditions for mountaineers and adventure enthusiasts. Nestled in the mighty Himalayas, these peaks stand as awe-inspiring symbols of nature’s grandeur and have captivated the imagination of people for centuries.

S.No

Mountain Name

Height in Meter

Range

State

1

Kangchenjunga

8586

Himalayas

Sikkim

2

Nanda Devi

7816

Garhwal Himalaya

Uttarakhand

3

Kamet

7756

Garhwal Himalaya

Uttarakhand

4

Saltoro Kangri / K10

7742

Saltoro Karakoram

Ladakh

5

Saser Kangri I / K22

7672

Saser Karakoram

Ladakh

6

Mamostong Kangri / K35

7516

Rimo Karakoram

Ladakh

7

Saser Kangri II E

7513

Saser Karakoram

Ladakh

8

Saser Kangri III

7495

Saser Karakoram

Ladakh

9

Teram Kangri I

7462

Siachen Karakoram

Ladakh

10

Jongsong Peak

7462

Kangchenjunga Himalaya

Sikkim

These towering peaks, reaching towards the heavens, form a formidable barrier between the Indian subcontinent and the rest of Central Asia. With their snow-clad summits and rugged terrain, they pose a formidable challenge to those who dare to conquer them. Many of these peaks are revered in local folklore and hold spiritual significance for the communities residing in the surrounding regions.

These mountain peaks are not only a haven for mountaineers but also serve as vital water sources for the rivers that flow through the Indian subcontinent. They are a source of awe-inspiring beauty and biodiversity, hosting a rich array of flora and fauna in their pristine ecosystems. The mountain ranges they belong to, such as the Himalayas, Karakoram, and Pir Panjal, are renowned for their scenic beauty and have attracted travellers and explorers from around the world.

Top 10 Highest Mountain Peaks in India

Whether you seek the adrenaline rush of scaling the highest summits or the serenity of witnessing their majestic splendour from afar, the mountain peaks of India offer a truly remarkable experience. Brace yourself for an unforgettable journey as we explore these breathtaking natural wonders, where the sky meets the earth in a magnificent display of nature’s grand design. Let us see each of the mountain peaks in detail.

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1. Kangchenjunga (8586 m)

Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, located on the border of Nepal and India in the Eastern Himalayas. It stands at an impressive elevation of 8,586 meters (28,169 feet). The name Kangchenjunga translates to “Five Treasures of Snows” in the Tibetan language, referring to its five prominent peaks. The mountain is considered sacred by the people living in the region.

Kangchenjunga offers a challenging climb with steep and icy slopes, making it a formidable peak to conquer. The first successful ascent was made in 1955 by a British expedition led by Joe Brown and George Band. The mountain has since been climbed by several expeditions, but its remote location and difficult terrain ensure that it remains less frequented compared to other famous peaks.

The Kangchenjunga Conservation Area surrounding the mountain is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including rare species like the snow leopard and red panda. The region is known for its stunning landscapes, including glaciers, deep valleys, and high alpine meadows.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

2. Nanda Devi (7816 m)

Nanda Devi, standing at an elevation of 7,816 meters (25,643 feet), is the second highest peak in India and the highest entirely within the country. It is located in the Garhwal region of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The name Nanda Devi translates to “Bliss-Giving Goddess” in the local language, and the mountain is considered sacred in Hindu mythology.

Nanda Devi is renowned for its breathtaking beauty and challenging climbing routes. The first successful ascent was made in 1936 by a British expedition led by Bill Tilman and Noel Odell. Due to its fragile ecosystem and cultural significance, access to the mountain was restricted for several decades. However, a restricted number of expeditions are now permitted, subject to strict regulations and environmental considerations.

Surrounded by the Nanda Devi National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, the region is home to a rich diversity of alpine flora and fauna. The area is characterized by deep gorges, glaciers, and pristine meadows, attracting adventurers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

3. Kamet (7756 m)

Kamet is a majestic mountain located in the Garhwal region of the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It reaches a height of 7,756 meters (25,446 feet) and stands as the second highest peak in the region. Kamet is part of the Zaskar Range in the Greater Himalayas.

The mountain offers a challenging climb with its steep and technical routes. It was first successfully summited in 1931 by a British expedition led by Frank Smythe, Eric Shipton, and R.L. Holdsworth. Since then, Kamet has attracted mountaineers from around the world, seeking to test their skills and endurance on its slopes.

The region around Kamet is known for its stunning alpine landscapes, including glaciers, snowfields, and high-altitude meadows. It is also home to diverse wildlife, such as the Himalayan tahr, musk deer, and various species of birds. The Nanda Devi National Park, located nearby, enhances the natural beauty of the area and offers opportunities for trekking and exploration.

Overall, Kangchenjunga, Nanda Devi, and Kamet are not only magnificent peaks but also hold cultural, environmental, and mountaineering significance, making them sought-after destinations for adventurers and nature enthusiasts.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

4. Saltoro Kangri / K10 (7742 m)

Saltoro Kangri, also known as K10, is a majestic mountain peak situated in the Saltoro Karakoram range of the Ladakh region. It stands tall at an impressive elevation of 7,742 meters (25,400 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest peaks in the region. The mountain is located in the northwestern part of Ladakh, close to the Line of Control between India and Pakistan.

Saltoro Kangri offers a challenging and thrilling experience for mountaineers and adventure enthusiasts. The peak is known for its steep and rugged terrain, with its slopes covered in ice and snow throughout the year. The climbing routes to Saltoro Kangri require technical expertise and mountaineering skills, making it a popular destination for experienced climbers.

The mesmerising beauty of Saltoro Kangri is enhanced by its surroundings, which include vast glaciers, deep valleys, and towering peaks. The panoramic views from the summit are breathtaking, showcasing the rugged Karakoram Range and the vastness of the Ladakh region.

Due to its remote location and demanding climbing conditions, Saltoro Kangri attracts a relatively small number of expeditions each year. However, those who venture to conquer this magnificent peak are rewarded with an unforgettable experience and a sense of accomplishment that comes with scaling one of the highest mountains in the region.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

5. Saser Kangri I / K22 (7672 m)

Saser Kangri I, also known as K22, is an impressive mountain peak located in the Saser Karakoram subrange of the Ladakh region. It reaches a towering height of 7,672 meters (25,171 feet) above sea level, making it one of the prominent peaks in the Karakoram Range.

Situated in a remote and challenging region, Saser Kangri I poses a significant mountaineering challenge for climbers. The peak’s steep and icy slopes, coupled with unpredictable weather conditions, demand technical skills, endurance, and experience. As a result, climbing Saser Kangri I is primarily attempted by seasoned mountaineers.

The surrounding area of Saser Kangri I is characterized by rugged terrain, deep valleys, and glaciers, adding to the awe-inspiring beauty of the region. The climb to the summit offers stunning panoramic views of the Karakoram Range, including other prominent peaks in the vicinity.

Expeditions to Saser Kangri I are relatively rare due to the mountain’s remote location and the challenging nature of the climb. However, those who undertake the journey are rewarded with an extraordinary adventure, a sense of achievement, and the opportunity to witness the majestic beauty of the Karakoram Range.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

6. Mamostong Kangri / K35 (7516 m)

Mamostong Kangri, also known as K35, is a striking mountain peak situated in the Rimo Karakoram subrange of the Ladakh region. It stands at an impressive elevation of 7,516 meters (24,659 feet) above sea level, making it one of the notable peaks in the area.

Mamostong Kangri offers a challenging mountaineering experience for adventurers seeking to conquer its summit. The peak’s steep and icy slopes, coupled with technical difficulties, require climbers to possess strong mountaineering skills and experience. As a result, it is predominantly attempted by experienced mountaineers.

The surrounding landscape of Mamostong Kangri is characterized by rugged mountains, deep valleys, and glaciers, creating a stunning backdrop for the climb. The panoramic views from the summit showcase the breathtaking beauty of the Rimo Karakoram Range and the vastness of the Ladakh region.

Due to its remote location and demanding climbing conditions, expeditions to Mamostong Kangri are relatively infrequent. However, those who undertake the challenge are rewarded with a unique adventure, an opportunity to push their limits, and the chance to immerse themselves in the awe-inspiring natural wonders of the Karakoram Range.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

7. Saser Kangri II E (7513 m)

Saser Kangri II E is a majestic mountain peak located in the eastern Karakoram Range in Ladakh, India. With an elevation of 7513 meters (24,650 feet), it stands as one of the prominent peaks in the region. Saser Kangri II E is known for its challenging and technical climbing routes, attracting experienced mountaineers from around the world.

The peak is characterized by its steep and rugged terrain, featuring icy slopes, sharp ridges, and crevasses. It requires advanced mountaineering skills, including knowledge of ice climbing and technical rope work, to conquer its summit. The ascent is physically demanding and requires acclimatisation to the high altitude conditions.

Saser Kangri II E offers breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding mountain ranges, including the Karakoram and Himalayas. The pristine beauty of the region, with vast glaciers and snow-covered peaks, adds to the allure of this remote and awe-inspiring destination.

Due to its remote location and challenging nature, climbing Saser Kangri II E requires careful planning, preparation, and experienced guides. It is advisable to undertake this expedition during the summer months when weather conditions are relatively stable. A successful ascent of Saser Kangri II E is a remarkable achievement, showcasing the determination and skill of mountaineers.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

8. Saser Kangri III (7495 m)

Saser Kangri III is an impressive mountain peak situated in the Karakoram Range of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Standing tall at an elevation of 7495 meters (24,590 feet), it is renowned for its technical challenges and breathtaking beauty. Saser Kangri III is a sought-after destination for mountaineers seeking to test their skills and experience the grandeur of the Himalayan region.

The peak features a formidable rocky structure and icy slopes, making it a demanding climb for even the most seasoned climbers. Its remote location and extreme weather conditions add to the difficulty level of the ascent. Proper acclimatisation and careful route planning are essential for a successful summit attempt.

Climbers are rewarded with stunning views from the top of Saser Kangri III. The surrounding landscape includes vast glaciers, deep valleys, and other towering peaks of the Karakoram Range. The sight of the sun illuminating the peaks and casting long shadows on the valleys below creates a surreal experience.

As with any high-altitude mountaineering expedition, safety is paramount. Adequate equipment, experienced guides, and knowledge of mountaineering techniques are crucial for a safe and successful climb of Saser Kangri III. The journey to its summit requires determination, perseverance, and a deep respect for the power of nature.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

9. Teram Kangri I (7462 m)

Teram Kangri I, also known as Teram Kangri Peak, is an impressive mountain located in the Siachen Muztagh subrange of the Karakoram Range. It stands at an elevation of 7462 meters (24,482 feet) and is situated in the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir, between India and Pakistan.

The ascent of Teram Kangri I is a significant challenge, demanding technical climbing skills and experience in high-altitude mountaineering. The peak features steep slopes, icy ridges, and unpredictable weather conditions, making it a formidable objective for climbers. The remoteness and ruggedness of the region add to the allure and difficulty of the expedition.

Teram Kangri I offers breathtaking views of the surrounding peaks and glaciers. The rugged beauty of the Karakoram Range, with its towering ice-covered summits and expansive glaciers, creates a mesmerising backdrop for climbers. The pristine and untouched nature of the region adds to the sense of adventure and exploration.

Due to the political sensitivities of the region, climbers must obtain necessary permits and adhere to specific regulations before attempting an ascent of Teram Kangri I. Safety precautions, including proper acclimatisation and emergency plans, are crucial for a successful and safe climb. Mountaineers undertaking this challenge must be well-prepared, physically fit, and mentally resilient.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

10. Jongsong Peak (7462 m)

Jongsong Peak, also known as Jongsong Ri, is a magnificent mountain peak located in the Himalayas on the border between Nepal and Tibet (China). Standing at an elevation of 7462 meters (24,482 feet), it is part of the Kangchenjunga massif, which is renowned for its stunning natural beauty and challenging climbs.

Jongsong Peak is characterized by its steep and icy slopes, as well as its rocky and jagged terrain. The climb to its summit requires technical mountaineering skills, including ice climbing and rock scrambling. The route is physically demanding and demands proper acclimatisation to the high-altitude conditions.

The views from Jongsong Peak are simply awe-inspiring. On a clear day, climbers are treated to panoramic vistas of the Kangchenjunga massif, including the majestic Kangchenjunga, the third-highest peak in the world. The surrounding valleys, glaciers, and snow-covered peaks create a picturesque landscape that leaves a lasting impression on adventurers.

Due to its location within the restricted border region, climbers aiming for Jongsong Peak need to obtain permits and follow specific regulations set by the respective governments. Proper preparation, experienced guides, and a deep understanding of mountaineering techniques are essential for a safe and successful ascent. Climbing Jongsong Peak is a challenging endeavour that rewards those who embrace the adventure with unforgettable memories and a profound sense of accomplishment.

Highest Mountain Peak in India - Top 10 Awe-Inspiring Altitudes

Which is the Highest Mountain Peak in India?

The highest mountain peak in India is Kangchenjunga. It is located in the state of Sikkim, in the eastern part of the country. Kangchenjunga stands tall at an impressive height of 8,586 meters (28,169 feet) above sea level, making it the third highest peak in the world.

The name Kangchenjunga translates to “Five Treasures of Snows” in the local language, referring to its five distinct peaks. The mountain is revered by the local communities and holds great cultural significance. It is considered sacred and is believed to be the abode of the mountain deity.

Kangchenjunga attracts mountaineers from all over the world, but reaching its summit is a challenging feat. The mountain presents formidable obstacles such as extreme weather conditions, steep slopes, and crevasses. Only a limited number of climbers have successfully conquered its peak.

Apart from its mountaineering allure, Kangchenjunga also boasts breathtaking natural beauty. The surrounding landscape is adorned with lush green valleys, alpine meadows, and pristine forests. The region is known for its rich biodiversity, housing a variety of rare flora and fauna.

The Indian government has taken measures to protect the natural environment and promote sustainable tourism in the area. Special permits are required to visit Kangchenjunga, and trekking routes are carefully monitored to ensure minimal ecological impact.

Kangchenjunga stands as the highest mountain peak in India, offering a combination of majestic beauty and challenging adventure to those who venture to its heights.

Highest Indian Mountain Peaks

The highest mountain peak in India is Kangchenjunga, standing at an impressive elevation of 8,586 meters (28,169 feet) in the Himalayas. It is followed by Nanda Devi at 7,816 meters (25,643 feet) and Kamet at 7,756 meters (25,446 feet), both located in the Garhwal Himalaya range in Uttarakhand. Other notable peaks include Saltoro Kangri (K10), Saser Kangri I (K22), Mamostong Kangri (K35), Saser Kangri II E, Saser Kangri III, Teram Kangri I, and Jongsong Peak.

These mountain peaks not only offer challenging climbs for mountaineers but also hold cultural and environmental significance. They are revered in local folklore and are home to diverse flora and fauna, contributing to the biodiversity of the region. The surrounding landscapes, including glaciers, deep valleys, and high-altitude meadows, add to the breathtaking beauty of these peaks.

While some of these mountains have been successfully submitted by expeditions, their remote locations and difficult terrains ensure that they remain relatively less frequented compared to other famous peaks. Climbing these mountains requires technical expertise, physical fitness, and careful planning. Nonetheless, they provide an unforgettable experience and a sense of accomplishment for those who undertake the challenge.

Whether you seek the thrill of mountaineering or the awe-inspiring beauty of nature, the highest mountain peaks in India offer a remarkable journey filled with adventure, serenity, and a deep appreciation for the grandeur of the Himalayas and Karakoram ranges.

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Source: pagasa.edu.vn

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