What is the Summer Solstice and why is it called the longest day of 2023?

The Longest Day of 2023: When the sun shines longest and brightest, it’s time to celebrate the summer solstice! This particular day, usually around June 21, is when the Northern Hemisphere has the most daylight and the shortest night time. For centuries, people around the world have cherished this miraculous event and created their own customs to mark its arrival.

☀️🌞 The summer solstice occurs when one hemisphere is tilted closest to the Sun, receiving maximum daylight. In the Northern Hemisphere, it takes place on June 21, 2023. Discover the science behind one of the most important celebrations in the world 👇https://t.co/muJNmm4SZH pic.twitter.com/03O8RMKIHj

– Star Walk (@StarWalk)
June 20, 2023

What is the summer solstice?

The Summer Solstice is the day with the most daylight in the Northern Hemisphere. It occurs when the Earth’s axis is tilted toward the sun at its maximum angle. This means that the sun’s rays hit the Earth’s surface at a more direct angle, resulting in longer days and shorter nights.

The summer solstice is also known as the summer solstice because it usually takes place in June. In 2023, the Summer Solstice will take place on June 21.

The Summer Solstice is a time of celebration in many cultures. It is often considered a time of renewal and rebirth. In some cultures, the Summer Solstice is also associated with abundance.

The word “summer solstice” comes from the Latin words “sol” (sun) and “stitium” (still or stop). This is because the sun’s path across the sky appears to stop for a short period of time at the summer solstice.

Earth’s axis is tilted, which means the sun doesn’t rise and set at the same place on the horizon every day. As the Earth moves around the Sun, the rising and setting positions of the Sun move north or south in the sky.

The Summer Solstice is significant because the sun reaches its northernmost point in the sky at this time. This is the day with the most daylight hours.

The sun’s path across the sky stops changing for a short period around the summer solstice because the Earth’s axis is tilted most toward the sun. As the Earth’s tilt begins to decrease, the sun’s path across the sky will again begin to move south.

Similarly, the shortest day in 2023 in the Northern Hemisphere will be December 22, 2023. This is the winter solstice when the sun is at its lowest point in the sky and the day is shortest.

The opposite is true for the Southern Hemisphere. The longest day of the year in the Southern Hemisphere is December 22, 2023, and the shortest day is June 21, 2023.

Why is it called the longest day of the year?

The summer solstice is called the longest day of summer because it is the day with the most daylight hours in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Northern Hemisphere, the summer solstice usually has about 15 hours of daylight and 9 pm. In the Southern Hemisphere, the summer solstice usually has about 9am of daylight and 15pm of evening.

The reason the Summer Solstice has the most daylight hours is because the Earth is tilted. The Earth’s axis is tilted at an angle of about 23.5 degrees. This means that the Earth’s axis is not perpendicular to the plane of its orbit around the sun.

During the summer solstice, the Northern Hemisphere tilts towards the sun. This means that the sun’s rays hit the Earth’s surface at a more direct angle in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere.

A more direct angle of the sun’s rays means more sunlight reaches the Earth’s surface in the Northern Hemisphere. This results in longer days and shorter nights.

The summer solstice is the day when the Earth’s tilt is maximum toward the sun. This means that the sun’s rays hit the Earth’s surface at the most direct angle. As the Earth’s tilt begins to decrease, the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth’s surface will decrease and the days will begin to get shorter.

Ways to celebrate the summer solstice

People celebrate the summer solstice in many interesting ways. Here are a few of them:

  1. Stonehenge, UK: At Stonehenge, the famous stone circle, thousands of people gather to watch the sunrise on the summer solstice. They believe that the sun’s rays hit the ancient stones perfectly. It is a time for spiritual reflection and connection with nature.

Summer solstice celebration at Stonehenge pic.twitter.com/bBCLFoY7cV

– UK Stonehenge (@ST0NEHENGE)
June 20, 2023

  1. Midsommar, Sweden: In Sweden, people celebrate the summer solstice with a festival called Midsommar. People wear colorful traditional costumes, dance and decorate the flower columns with flowers and leaves. They also enjoy delicious Swedish food and drinks.
  2. Inti Raymi, Peru: The ancient Inti Raymi festival is re-enacted in Peru during the summer solstice. It includes lots of celebrations, music, dance and offerings to the Sun God, Inti. The purpose is to pray for a good harvest and protect the community.

In short, the summer solstice is a fascinating astronomical event that marks the longest day and shortest night of the year. It occurs when the sun reaches its highest point in the sky, providing us with abundant daylight.

Categories: Optical Illusion
Source: pagasa.edu.vn

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